Given that the Commonwealth of Australia was colonized by Britain in the late 18th century, it is no surprise that a large percentage of the Australian population have British ancestry. However, the largest wave of British immigrants settled in Australia in the 18th and mid-19th centuries. Since then, immigration in Australia has been much more diverse. This trend was sparked by the first big wave of European and Asian immigrants during the gold rush of the 1850s. Today, not only have immigration procedures become stricter, but international political circumstances are also different, which has created a change in immigration patterns around the world. The percentage of people who presently immigrate from the United Kingdom is therefore far less than in former times, and certainly does not represent the number of Australians with British ancestry.
This FACT indicates the number of people born in the United Kingdom in each Australian city. As per the results of the 2016 Census, the city with the highest number is Perth, at 199,270 persons. The city with the lowest number of persons born in the UK is Darwin, at 4,994.