This FACT indicates the number of Australians who speak Vietnamese at home per 100,000 persons in each capital city. Vietnamese migration peaked from the 1970s to the 1980s, both during and following the Vietnam War, with almost all arrivals being refugees. Since the late 1980s, most Vietnamese migration is a result of reuniting families, under the Vietnamese Family Migration Program.
As a result of these migration waves, there is a strong Vietnamese culture in Australia, with large populations in Melbourne and Sydney in particular. 2016 Census results show that the city with the highest proportion of people who speak Vietnamese at home is Melbourne, at 2,260.5 per 100,000 persons. The city with the lowest number is Hobart, at 127.27 per 100,000 persons.