The Nobel Prize is a set of highly prestigious awards that are given annually and internationally wide. The prizes are given for outstanding contributions in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physiology or Medicine, and Economic Sciences. The prizes were established by Swedish inventor Alfred Noble in 1895. Each recipient receives a gold medal, a diploma and a certain amount of money. The amount of money usually varies annually, but as of 2017, each prize was worth AUD$1.4 Million.
This FACT indicates the number of Australian Nobel prize winners in any category, by which state or territory they were born in. This information was recorded by Nobel Media in 2018. South Australia has the highest amount of Nobel laureates, at 3. The most notable being Sir Howard Florey, for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases. No one born in the Northern Territory or the Australian Capital Territory has been awarded the prize yet.