This FACT indicates the number of lives saved by lifesavers over a year in each capital city. Surf lifesaving originated in Australia in 1906 in response to drownings at local beaches in Sydney. Such groups became necessary following the relaxing of laws prohibiting daylight bathing on Australian beaches. Volunteer groups of men were trained in life saving methods and patrolled the beaches, upholding public safety. Surf lifesaving is a multifaceted movement whose key aspects include voluntary lifeguard services and competitive surf sport. The movement has expanded globally to other countries including New Zealand, Ireland, South Africa, and the United States. Surf lifesavers in Australia are colloquially known as 'Clubbies'. The city with the highest number of rescues in 2016-2017 was Sydney, with 6107. The city with the lowest number of rescues is Tasmania, with 157 rescues. Data for Canberra is not applicable given its geographical location and distance from the coastline.