This FACT indicates the proportion of diagnosed gonorrhoea cases per 100,000 people in each Australian state and territory. Gonorrhoea (colloquially known as the clap) is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The usual symptoms in men are burning with urination and penile discharge. Women, on the other hand, are often asymptomatic or otherwise experience vaginal discharge and pelvic pain.
In both men and women, if gonorrhoea is left untreated, it may spread locally causing epididymitis or pelvic inflammatory disease which can spread throughout the body, affecting joints and heart valves. Education about the disease is an effective prevention measure. The numbers here represent the statistics for 2010.
The territory with the most diagnosed cases of gonorrhoea is the Northern Territory, at 863 per 100,000 people. The state with the least cases is Tasmania, at 3.7 per 100,000 people.