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TOP FACT: THE COLDEST CITY (WINTER AVERAGE, DEGREES)
TOP CATEGORY: CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT
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Commuter times have a huge impact on work-life balance, contributing to workers' stress levels and attrition rates across all industries from the year 2012. Companies and corporations are increasingly addressing this issue by allowing more and more workers to telecommute or work from a local or home office. These measures, particularly in Australia, which has a large urban sprawl and high petrol prices, these measures are welcome ones, and will likely help to reduce the average amount of time that employees spend commuting to and from work.
This FACT indicates the average amount of time spent by a person commuting between work and home in each Australian capital city, assuming a five day work week and commuting during peak hour traffic (usually a higher tariff rate for public transport commuters). For cities that implement zone pricing structures, (that is, the cost increases the further one travels), the average between 5km and 25km journey from the CBD is used.
*Data for Darwin could not be found therefore we have used Northern Territory data from 2006 from the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.
The National Assessment Program—Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests are taken each year in May by all students across Australia in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9. All students in the same year level are assessed using the same test items in the assessment domains of reading, persuasive writing, language conventions (spelling, grammar and punctuation) and numeracy.
The governing body ACARA states that every year, more than one million students sit the NAPLAN tests nationally, providing students, parents, teachers, schools and school systems with important information about the literacy and numeracy achievements of students. Results also act as performance indicators that are nationally comparable and serve to inform and support improvements to teaching and learning practices.
This FACT indicates the average score that each state and territory achieved in 2017 for the level of Year 9. The score, by state or territory, is calculated by averaging the mean scale of each of the 5 'domain' areas of proficiency.
This FACT indicates the total number of both domestic and international aircraft movements in thousands at each city's major airport. The data is represented in thousands. It shows the amount of aircrafts that entered and left each city's airport between 2016-2017. Sydney and Melbourne have the highest aircraft movements, with Brisbane in a near third place. The lowest aircraft movements occur in Hobart and Darwin, consistent with other air traffic data.
Corporate real estate is an important topic for the economic health of a city. The grading system used by Knight Frank categorizes primary and secondary office space by the use of advanced valuation software, rigid reporting and quality review processes and by utilising global, national and local networks. As real estate prices rise, so too does that of office space, making it increasingly difficult for small and young businesses to establish themselves, particularly in primary or central locations. As a result, secondary office space is an important factor for economic prosperity. This FACT indicates the average gross face office rent for 'B Grade' office space, in Australian dollars per square metre per week, in each Australian capital city's CBD.
*No data was available for Darwin and Hobart.
This FACT compares the amount of State Government funding for theatre and the performing arts in each State and Territory in 2012-2013. This includes funding for the presentation of theatrical performances, including comedy. Theatrical performances are those where a dramatic narrative is the primary focus. The figures are expressed as millions of dollars.