TOP USER COUNTY: USA
TOP FACT: THE COLDEST CITY (WINTER AVERAGE, DEGREES)
TOP CATEGORY: CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT
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Since the majority of Australians drive to work, the cost of petrol - or gasoline - is a hot topic. In Australia, petrol prices have risen significantly over the past few years, a factor that has contributed significantly to the cost of living for many. Petrol prices vary throughout the country, though, and some Australians are required to pay more per litre than their neighbours.
This FACT indicates the average price of regular unleaded petrol in each Australian state and territory. While ABS data is available on this topic, more recent data was sourced from the Australian Institute of Petroleum. According to their data, the state with the lowest average petrol price is South Australia at 126.9 cents per litre, while the most expensive is found in Tasmania, at 139.5 cents per litre. Data for ACT is combined with NSW petrol prices.
This FACT indicates the global connectivity of Australian cities as ranked by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network from the year 2016. A global city (also referred to as an alpha city) is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system of finance and trade. The data was interpreted and given a numbering system from 1-12, where a city that had a 'sufficiency' rating was given the value of 1, and a city with an 'alpha++' rating was given a value of 12. According to GaWC, Sydney has the highest global connectivity ranking in Australia, as an Alpha; Melbourne is next at Alpha Minus (-); then Brisbane and Perth at Beta and Adelaide rated Gamma Plus (+). Canberra is described as Sufficiency, whilst Darwin and Hobart have not qualified for a rating, and hence are assigned a value of zero.
As an island-continent, tracking the number of foreign visitors to and around Australia is relatively simpler than other nations with bordering countries, as movements of passengers are easier to monitor. Australia, with its diverse landscapes, agreeable climate and positive reputation as an international tourist destination makes for a robust tourism industry that fuels local and national economies.This FACT indicates the number of tourists (departures from the city of longest stay) for each of the Australian states. This data is represented in thousands.
The ABS statistics makes sure to exclude the movements of operational air and ship crew, transit passengers who pass through Australia but are not cleared for entry, passengers on pleasure cruises commencing and finishing in Australia, and unauthorised arrivals.
According to the ABS data from 2017, the state with the highest number of tourists is - unsurprisingly - Sydney, with 3,177,000 tourists in 2016. The state with the lowest number of tourists is the Northern Territory, with 78,300 in the same year.
This FACT indicates the total number of beds per 1,000 people within each Australian state's hospitals. This FACT takes into account the number of hospital beds in public hospitals only.
While the term 'hospital bed' (a bed specifically designed for use in a hospital) can refer to the actual bed, the term 'bed' is also used to describe the amount of space in a health care facility. In other words, the capacity of a hospital is measured in the number of beds available for patients.
According to data collected by the AIHW in 2015-2016, the state with the most hospital beds per 1,000 people is the Northern Territory, at 2.90 beds per 1,000 persons. The state with the smallest number of hospital beds is Western Australia, at 2.27 beds per 1,000 people.
All of Australia enjoys warm and balmy weather, but the number of hours of sunshine in winter can vary greatly. This FACT indicates the number of winter sunshine hours per day in each of Australia's capital cities. The numbers are influenced by numerous factors, including climate and daylight savings hours. In fact, the length of the days (influenced by geographical location and distance from the equator) has a strong impact on winter sunshine hours, rather than overcast skies or wet weather. The city with the highest winter sunshine hours per day (2018) is Darwin with 10.10 and the lowest is Melbourne with 4.00.