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Thanks to Australian cities’ propensity towards urban sprawl, as well as its comparatively low CBD density, transport networks are less expansive than in other parts of the world, and are subsequently less used. However, there is no doubt regarding the great disparity in cost between driving and public transport. When you take into account vehicle maintenance, registration, fuel costs, and CBD parking costs, it is apparent that savings of thousands of dollars can be made, although even here there is great variation in costs depending on the type of vehicle and commuting distance. Evidently, there are also huge environmental savings to be made when people opt for public transport instead of driving. Public transport users contribute to lowering the cost of pollution, as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
This FACT indicates the cost per year of commuting to and from work into the CBD using public transport, assuming a five day work week and commuting during peak hour traffic (usually a higher tariff rate for public transport commuters). For cities that implement zone pricing structures, (that is, the cost increases the further one travels), the average commute to the CBD is used. In some instances, there are multiple modes of public transport. In these cases, the ticket prices are averaged. There are also cases where there are multiple ways to pay for the tickets over the working year. The cheapest way was used for any given scenario. The city with the highest cost to commute is Sydney at $2710 in one year. The city with the lowest cost is Darwin at $960 in one year.
This FACT indicates the amount in tonnes of greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) emissions by gaseous fuels, both natural and synthetic, as a proportion of 100,000 persons in each Australian capital city. These figures have been calculated by taking the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions by gaseous fuels in each state and dividing it by 100,000.
*NOTE: Data for the ACT could not be obtained.
This FACT indicates the number of cattle livestock in each state (represented in millions). Australia is one of the world's most efficient producers of cattle, and the world's second largest exporter of beef. The livestock industry represents a strong part of the national economy, with the off-farm meat value of Australia's beef valued at around A$12 billion. The gross value of Australian cattle and calf production is estimated at A$8 billion.
The state with the highest number of cattle livestock is Queensland, with 10,544,965 cows. The state with the lowest is the Australian Capital Territory, with 5,974 animals.
This FACT indicates the participation rate of children aged 5 to 14 in organised drama activities in each state. Participation in drama activities can increase confidence and teamwork amongst young people, as well as contributing to the cultural richness of a state. The data expressed here represents the numbers for 2012. The state with the highest participation rate is Queensland at 5.9 percent. Tasmania and Western Australia are equal in the lowest rate, at 3.8 percent.
Urban public transport is an important part of the transport task, and effective public transport systems provide benefits for individuals and the community as a whole. This FACT indicates the total number of passenger kilometres travelled (in billions) modelled for 2031.