TOP USER COUNTY: USA
TOP FACT: THE COLDEST CITY (WINTER AVERAGE, DEGREES)
TOP CATEGORY: CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT
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AUSTRALIAS BEST CITY USERS:
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This FACT indicates the average annual afternoon relative humidity measured at 3pm in each Australian city between the years 1893 and 2010. Note that each city has various lengths of records kept. The relative humidity measures the amount of water vapour in the air as a percentage of the maximum water vapour the air can hold. Therefore relative humidity is measured as a percentage. A relative humidity reading of 100% means that the air is completely saturated with water and cannot hold anymore. Relative humidity near the ground could be much less, therefore there does not need to be a reading of 100% for it to be raining. The city with the highest humidity is Hobart at 58 percent, followed closely by Sydney at 57 percent. The cities with the lowest are Adelaide and Canberra at 47 percent.
Research shows that penalties for speeding such as demerit points or cost can often be an effective tool in reducing the number of accidents on our roads. The 'Cameras Save Lives' campaign by the Victorian Government is typical of the rationale.
However, the cost and frequency of receiving a fine can have a significant impact on a household budget. Some view speeding fines simply as a revenue raising exercise for Governments.
The cost of infringements is extremely high in most Australian cities, though some face more punitive fines than others. This FACT indicates the cost of a speeding fine in each Australian city when the speed of the vehicle exceeds to exactly 5 km/hr over the designated speed limit. Note: the fine is for cars and not necessarily heavy vehicles.
This FACT is also ranked high to low (high is good) in the Community and Safety category.
This FACT indicates the number of deaths in each Australian state per 1,000 persons. Standardised death rates (SDRs) enable the comparison of death rates between populations with different age structures by relating them to a standard population. The current standard population is all persons in the estimated Australian population at 30 June 2016. SDRs are expressed per 1,000 persons.
The state/territory with the highest SDR’s in the Northen Territory, at 7.3 deaths per 1,000 persons. The ACT has lowests SDR at 4.7 deaths per 1,000 person, which is below the National average of 5.4 deaths per 1,000 persons.
This FACT indicates the number of Australians who have an affiliation to an Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religion in each capital city.
Indigenous Australians have a rich culture with ancient traditions and beliefs which are traditionally based on animist spiritual frameworks. Indigenous Australia's oral folklore and spiritual values are based upon reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; an early period from which come stories of creation and the naming of the natural landscape by the very first Aboriginal ancestors.
Today, there are very few Indigenous Australians who maintain a belief in a traditional Aboriginal Religion. According to statistics form the 2016 Census, the city with the highest levels of affiliation is Sydney, at 503. The city with the lowest level of affiliation is Canberra, at 19.
Reading - Percentage of Year 5 Indigenous students at or above the national minimum standard (Regional)
It is important to acknowledge the educational gap that exists with Indigenous Australians and how we need to collectively bridge this as a social priority by all levels of government.