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Compare city performance across multiple topics to discover how Australia's capitals perform in different sectors.
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The National Assessment Program—Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests are taken each year in May by all students across Australia in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9. All students in the same year level are assessed using the same test items in the assessment domains of reading, persuasive writing, language conventions (spelling, grammar and punctuation) and numeracy.
The governing body ACARA states that every year, more than one million students nationally sit the NAPLAN tests, providing students, parents, teachers, schools and school systems with important information about the literacy and numeracy achievements of students. The results also act as performance indicators that are nationally comparable and serve to inform and support improvements to teaching and learning practices.
This FACT indicates the average NAPLAN score that each state and territory achieved in 2017 for the level of year 5. The score, by state or territory, is calculated by averaging the mean scale of each of the 5 'domain' areas of proficiency.
This FACT indicates the median age of each Australian capital city. Australia is currently going through a transition stage, meaning the population on the whole is ageing. This is partly explained by the fact that the baby boomers of the mid 20th century are now growing older, leaving behind a smaller proportion of a younger population due to families having fewer children. Migration also has an impact, since most immigrants who are naturalised are adults, or approaching adulthood. The city with the highest median age is Hobart, at 39. Australia's youngest capital city is Darwin, with a median at 33 years old.
This FACT indicates the participation rate of children aged 5 to 14 in organized dancing activities, in each state and territory. These percentages include dancing activities that are organised by schools, private dance schools, and dance groups, for the year 2012.
The state/territory with the highest rate of participation is the Australian Capital Territory at 16.6 percent. The state/territory with the lowest rate is the Northern Territory at 11.2 percent.
This FACT indicates the percentage of each Australian capital's population who were born in Australia. Across the country, 66.7 percent of residents were born in Australia, as per the 2016 Census, which is a 3.1 percent drop since the 2011 Census. The city with the highest percentage of persons born in Australia is Hobart at 79.8 percent. The city with the lowest is now Sydney at 57.1 percent, followed closely by Perth, the former lowest city, at 57.3 percent.
This FACT indicates the percentage of each capital city's population that have rain water tanks installed in their home. A rainwater tank is a container for storing captured water. In Australia, a country prone to drought drought, a rainwater tank can provide relief on the mains (or city's) water supplies, or supplement mains water usage for drinking water, irrigation agriculture, fire suppression, agricultural farming, chemical manufacturing, and food preparation, to name a few.
Water tanks are a viable solution to combating the ever increasing water problems Australia faces, and for this reason, many states now require that new dwellings, and some extensions to existing dwellings, include a rainwater tank in their plans. The state with the highest percentage of people with rainwater tanks from 2013 is in Brisbane at 47 percent, followed closely by Adelaide at 45 percent. The state with the lowest is Perth with 9 percent. (data for Canberra and Darwin could not be obtained.)