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TOP FACT: THE COLDEST CITY (WINTER AVERAGE, DEGREES)
TOP CATEGORY: CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT
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This FACT indicates the proportion of diagnosed gonorrhoea cases per 100,000 people in each Australian state and territory. Gonorrhoea (colloquially known as the clap) is a common human sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The usual symptoms in men are burning with urination and penile discharge. Women, on the other hand, are often asymptomatic or otherwise experience vaginal discharge and pelvic pain.
In both men and women, if gonorrhoea is left untreated, it may spread locally causing epididymitis or pelvic inflammatory disease which can spread throughout the body, affecting joints and heart valves. Education about the disease is an effective prevention measure. The numbers here represent the statistics for 2010.
The territory with the most diagnosed cases of gonorrhoea is the Northern Territory, at 863 per 100,000 people. The state with the least cases is Tasmania, at 3.7 per 100,000 people.
This FACT indicates the participation rates for regular sport and recreation for people aged 15 years and older.
A participant or player is a person who has played a sport or physically undertook an activity for exercise or recreation at least once in the 12 months prior to the survey. People who participated more than twice a week on average in each month over the 12 month period were considered to have participated regularly from data available 2013/14. People involved solely as a coach, teacher, instructor, referee, umpire, administrator or club committee member are excluded from the data. Some of the sports included were cycling (BMXing and mountain biking), dancing(ballet and boot scooting) and swimming and diving, as well as team sports and gym workouts.
The state with the highest participation in regular sporting activities was the Australian Capital Territory with 72.9 percent, and the lowest was Queensland with 53.6 percent.
This FACT indicates the number of people in Australian capitals who speak a Chinese language at home. While Mandarin and Cantonese are the most commonly known Chinese languages, there are many other regional dialects.
The number of people who speak Chinese languages at home offers insight into the number of first and second generation Chinese Australians living in a city, as well as the ethnic distribution within a city (that is, the assimilationof different cultures in multicultural neighbourhoods, as opposed to mono-cultural neighbourhoods).
Unsurprisingly, the city with the highest number of people who speak a Chinese language at home is Sydney, the city with the largest Chinese population, at 382,869. The city with the lowest is Darwin at 3,101, followed closely by Hobart at 3,674. This data was collected in the 2016 ABS Census.
This FACT indicates the total number of high schools and primary schools (from reception to year 12, though not necessarily encompassing all school years) that are currently operating within each Australian capital from the year 2018. The numbers include both government schools and non-government schools. Using the Australian Schools Directory, we found the total number of schools in each city's greater area. Unsuprisingly, Sydney and Melbourne - the two largest cities - have the most schools, at 1488 and 1375 respectively. Each Australian State and Territory oversees its own education system, and as such there are small variations between each state and territory's systems.
This FACT indicates the percentage of shared households within each Australian city. Group households, or shared households, refer to dwellings which are occupied by two or more people who are not in a relationship and are not family. Based on data from the 2016 Census, the average percentage of group households in Australia is 4.3 percent. The city with the highest percentage is Darwin at 6.0 percent. The city with the lowest is Canberra at 3.7 percent.
These numbers are comparatively low compared to what is seen in Europe or North America. This may be partly because the number of tertiary students who study in their hometown is greater than in other countries, and therefore the necessity to move into a shared dwelling (usually for economic reasons) is less present. The data is sorted from high to low, since the more shared dwellings a city has represents more housing opportunities for its residents.