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This FACT indicates the average annual afternoon relative humidity measured at 3pm in each Australian city between the years 1893 and 2010. Note that each city has various lengths of records kept. The relative humidity measures the amount of water vapour in the air as a percentage of the maximum water vapour the air can hold. Therefore relative humidity is measured as a percentage. A relative humidity reading of 100% means that the air is completely saturated with water and cannot hold anymore. Relative humidity near the ground could be much less, therefore there does not need to be a reading of 100% for it to be raining. The city with the highest humidity is Hobart at 58 percent, followed closely by Sydney at 57 percent. The cities with the lowest are Adelaide and Canberra at 47 percent.
The National Assessment Program—Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests are taken each year in May by all students across Australia in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9. All students in the same year level are assessed using the same test items in the subject areas of reading, persuasive writing, language conventions (spelling, grammar and punctuation) and numeracy.
The governing body ACARA states that every year more than one million students nationally sit the NAPLAN tests. The results provide students, parents, teachers, schools and school systems with important information about the literacy and numeracy achievements of students. Results also act as performance indicators that are nationally comparable and serve to inform and support improvements to teaching and learning practices.
This FACT indicates the average score that each state and territory achieved in 2017 for the level of Year 7. The score, by state or territory, is calculated by averaging the mean scale of each of the 5 'domain' areas of proficiency.
This FACT indicates the proportion of cargo (tonnes) per 100,000 people loaded as a result of importing and exporting in each Australian city. This data is represented in thousands. The city with the highest number is the Perth with 1,795,400 tonnes. The city with the lowest number is Sydney with 549,340 tonnes.
This FACT indicates the number of people who walk to work per 100,000 persons in each Australian city. It is estimated that people who walk 20 minutes to work and back save the economy around A$8.50 per day, due to health, social and infrastructure benefits.
This FACT indicates the number of lives saved by lifesavers over a year in each capital city. Surf lifesaving originated in Australia in 1906 in response to drownings at local beaches in Sydney. Such groups became necessary following the relaxing of laws prohibiting daylight bathing on Australian beaches. Volunteer groups of men were trained in life saving methods and patrolled the beaches, upholding public safety. Surf lifesaving is a multifaceted movement whose key aspects include voluntary lifeguard services and competitive surf sport. The movement has expanded globally to other countries including New Zealand, Ireland, South Africa, and the United States. Surf lifesavers in Australia are colloquially known as 'Clubbies'. The city with the highest number of rescues in 2016-2017 was Sydney, with 6107. The city with the lowest number of rescues is Tasmania, with 157 rescues. Data for Canberra is not applicable given its geographical location and distance from the coastline.