TOP USER COUNTY: USA
TOP FACT: THE COLDEST CITY (WINTER AVERAGE, DEGREES)
TOP CATEGORY: CLIMATE & ENVIRONMENT
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AUSTRALIAS BEST CITY USERS:
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This FACT indicates the global connectivity of Australian cities as ranked by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network from the year 2016. A global city (also referred to as an alpha city) is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system of finance and trade. The data was interpreted and given a numbering system from 1-12, where a city that had a 'sufficiency' rating was given the value of 1, and a city with an 'alpha++' rating was given a value of 12. According to GaWC, Sydney has the highest global connectivity ranking in Australia, as an Alpha; Melbourne is next at Alpha Minus (-); then Brisbane and Perth at Beta and Adelaide rated Gamma Plus (+). Canberra is described as Sufficiency, whilst Darwin and Hobart have not qualified for a rating, and hence are assigned a value of zero.
This FACT indicates the median yearly household income for the average person in each Australian capital city, across all industries and sectors. This indicator takes all salaries (full-time, part-time and casual) into consideration. It highlights the disparity in income between residents of each capital, and raises questions relating to the distribution of professions and welfare receivers in each city. This indicator was obtained by gathering information from ABS 2017 Census data regarding median weekly household income and multiplying these figures by 52 (the number of a weeks in a year).
The median has been used here as it offers a more accurate reflection of the overall data set since it is not impacted by figures that lie far outside of the regular data range. Hobart has the lowest median yearly income, sitting at just under 57% of the highest Australian earners in Darwin.
Numeracy - Percentage of Year 5 Indigenous students at or above the national minimum standard (Regional)
It is important to acknowledge the educational gap that exists with Indigenous Australians and how we need to collectively bridge this as a social priority by all levels of government.
Low inner metro density in most Australian capital cities, and especially compared to large cities in North America or Europe, mean that many people have a lengthy commute to and from work. Because most Australians tend not to use bicycles, and public transport infrastructure is insufficient, the result is that many people are required to drive.
This data looks at the number of registered motor vehicles (including company owned vehicles) that are garaged or parked at or near private dwellings on census night. Trucks, motorbikes, scooters and tractors are excluded.
This FACT indicates the percentage of people in each Australian capital city using a car (as driver or passenger) to commute to and from work. The level of car dependency in Australian cities has increased significantly, with vehicle kilometres travelled growing faster than the population.
This FACT indicates the percentage of prisoners that have been imprisoned prior to their current episode in a correctional facility in each Australian state.