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This FACT indicates the number of people who speak Italian at home, per 100,000 persons, in Australian capital cities. Italians have a rich presence in Australia, with a large number of people identifying as Italian, or as being of Italian decent. Italian migration intensified following the Second World War, when Australia relaxed its migration policies in order to increase population numbers. Since then, Italian migration, alongside migration from other nations, has played an important role in forging the modern Australian identity.
Results from the 2011 Census show that the city with the highest proportion of Italian speakers is Melbourne, at 2,817 per 100,000 persons, followed closely by Adelaide at 2,571. The city with the lowest number is Hobart at 396 Italian speakers per 100,000 persons.