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This FACT indicates the number of people who speak Italian at home in Australian capital cities. Italians have a rich presence in Australia, with a large number of people identifying as Italian, or as being of Italian descent. The migration of Italians into Australia intensified after the Second World War, when the country relaxed its migration policies in order to increase population numbers. Since then, Italian migration, alongside migration from other nations, has played an important role in forging the modern Australian identity.
According to the results of the 2011 ABS Census, the city with the highest number of Italian speakers is Melbourne, at 112,685. The city with the lowest number is Darwin at 573.