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This FACT indicates the percentage of the population that provide unpaid childcare across Australia. Areas with high levels of unpaid childcare may have a dominance of single income families with one significant earner, or there could be a lack of provision of paid childcare in the area. Usually, unpaid childcare is provided by close friends or family members, who are not reimbursed for their time. The level to which people care for others children can therefore indicate the role the extended family (eg. grandparents caring for grandchildren, family day care) in each city. For this reason, this FACT also appears in the Community and Safety category.